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What is CLR The Common Language Runtime In .Net Framework

Interview Questions:-
Full form of CLR is Common Language Runtime and it forms the heart of the .NET framework.
All Languages have runtime and it is the responsibility of the runtime to take care of the code
execution of the program. For example, VC++ has MSCRT40.DLL, VB6 has MSVBVM60.DLL,
and Java has Java Virtual Machine etc. Similarly, .NET has CLR. Following are the
responsibilities of CLR

Garbage Collection: - CLR automatically manages memory thus eliminating
memory leaks. When objects are not referred, GC automatically releases those
memories thus providing efficient memory management.

Code Access Security: - CAS grants rights to program depending on the security
configuration of the machine. Example the program has rights to edit or create a
new file but the security configuration of machine does not allow the program to
delete a file. CAS will take care that the code runs under the environment of
machines security configuration.

Code Verification: - This ensures proper code execution and type safety while the
code runs. It prevents the source code to perform illegal operation such as accessing
invalid memory locations etc.

IL (Intermediate language)-to-native translators and optimizer’s:- CLR uses
JIT, compiles the IL code to machine code, and then executes. CLR also determines
depending on platform what is optimized way of running the IL code.

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